Limiting the ingestion of protein is the fundamental idea in the diet therapy for patients with chronic renal failure. Two mutations involved in the content of major rice storage proteins useful for developing low easy-to-digest protein rice variety have been isolated. The glb1 mutation causes the deficiency of α-globulin, and the Lgc1 mutation reduces the glutelin content. By combining the glb1 and the Lgc1 mutations, it is possible to reduce the easy-to-digest protein content by approximately 50%. The Lgc1 mutation has been shown to be caused by a 3.5-kb deletion between the glutelin structural genes, GluB4 and GluB5, while the molecular basis of glb1 mutation has been less understood. PCR analysis of the glb1 mutation revealed a 62.8-kb deletion, including the structural gene of α-globulin. Based on these lines of information, we generated PCR markers that make it possible to detect the glb1 and Lgc1 mutations. Using those PCR markers, we genotyped F2 plants segregating for the glb1 mutation and the Lgc1 mutation and confirmed the consistency of genotype and phenotype. Because the PCR marker sets can distinguish heterozygotes, they will be very useful in developing new varieties of low easy-to-digest protein rice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science