Three high-power heating mechanisms, i.e. electron cyclotron resonance heating, ion cyclotron resonance heating and neutral beam injection heating will be available to achieve operation of the Large Helical Device in the (i) high nτT mode, (ii) high Ti mode and (iii) high β mode. The requirements for each heating method are (i) 10 MW of ECH at a frequency of 84 GHz with a pulse length of 10 s, (ii) 3 MW of ICRF heating in the frequency range 25-100 MHz in CW operation and (iii) 20 MW of NBI at a hydrogen injection energy of 125 keV and 10 s operation. The components of each heating mechanism which need development individually exist, i.e. (i) a high-power gyrotron with an output power of 1 MW in CW operation and a high-efficiency transmission line for ECH, (ii) a high-power co-axial transmission line with cooling and an automatic matching circuit for ICRF heating and (iii) a large negative ion source and some components of the beam line for NBI. The heating scenario and the present status of the development are described for each heating system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering