Development of detection method for novel fusion gene using GeneChip exon array

Yusaku Wada, Masaaki Matsuura, Minoru Sugawara, Masaru Ushijima, Satoshi Miyata, Koichi Nagasaki, Tetsuo Noda, Yoshio Miki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Fusion genes have been recognized to play key roles in oncogenesis. Though, many techniques have been developed for genome-wide analysis of fusion genes, a more efficient method is desired.Results: We introduced a new method of detecting the novel fusion gene by using GeneChip Exon Array that enables exon expression analysis on a whole-genome scale and TAIL-PCR. To screen genes with abnormal exon expression profiles, we developed computational program, and confirmed that the program was able to search the fusion partner gene using Exon Array data of T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL) cell lines. It was reported that the T-ALL cell lines, ALL-SIL, BE13 and LOUCY, harbored the fusion gene NUP214-ABL1, NUP214-ABL1 and SET-NUP214, respectively. The program extracted the candidate genes with abnormal exon expression profiles: 1 gene in ALL-SIL, 1 gene in BE13, and 2 genes in LOUCY. The known fusion partner gene NUP214 was included in the genes in ALL-SIL and LOUCY. Thus, we applied the proposed program to the detection of fusion partner genes in other tumors. To discover novel fusion genes, we examined 24 breast cancer cell lines and 20 pancreatic cancer cell lines by using the program. As a result, 20 and 23 candidate genes were obtained for the breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines respectively, and seven genes were selected as the final candidate gene based on information of the EST data base, comparison with normal cell samples and visual inspection of Exon expression profile. Finding of fusion partners for the final candidate genes was tried by TAIL-PCR, and three novel fusion genes were identified.Conclusions: The usefulness of our detection method was confirmed. Using this method for more samples, it is thought that fusion genes can be identified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalJournal of Clinical Bioinformatics
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 18

Keywords

  • Chromosome rearrangement
  • Exon array
  • Fusion gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Development of detection method for novel fusion gene using GeneChip exon array'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this