Development of CRL Fabry-Perot interferometers and observation of the thermosphere

Mamoru Ishii, Shouichi Okano, Eiichi Sagawa, Yasuhiro Murayama, Shinichi Watari, Mark Conde, Roger W. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) has long been established as a remarkably versatile high-resolution system for a wide range of spectroscopic purposes. This system screen out rays with a specific wavelength by letting multiple reflections occur between two glass plates called etalon. It has been used for estimating wind velocity and temperature in the mesosphere and the thermosphere which is much difficult to deduce with other observational methods. We have developed two types of FPI, the all-sky FPI and the scanning FPI as a part of international cooperative research project between CRL and University of Alaska, Fairbanks. After several operations in Japan for improving total systems, we installed these instruments in Alaska. The scanning FPI, installed in the Poker Flat Research Range, is used for vertical wind feature in the vicinity of aurora. The all-sky FPI, installed at the Eagle observatory, is used for ionosphere - thermosphere coupling study with cooperative observations with HF-radar. We have developed an automatic observation system for operating the instrument and data analyzing software for retrieving parameters with high precisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-183
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Communications Research Laboratory
Volume49
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Airglow
  • Aurora
  • Neutral wind
  • Thermosphere
  • Vertical wind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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