The Pleistocene coral reef deposits called the Ryukyu Group are widely distributed through the Ryukyu Islands. Lithofacies are represented by conglomerate, calcareous sandstone and limestones. The limestones can be divided into six lithofacies on the basis of macro-benthos and large foraminifers. They are coral, rhodolith, Cycloclypeus-Operculina, Halimeda, and poorly- to well-sorted detrital limestones. Their depositional environments are reconstructed referring to the depth range of the Recent coral reef biota around the Ryukyu Islands. Depositional history of the Ryukyu Group is recorded in a stratigraphic cross-section on Toku-no-shima. Sequence stratigraphical units are recognized in the vertical section of the limestones. Units 1 and 3 are considered to have been formed when the relative sea-level was high, while Units 2 and 4 were deposited during the low stands of sea-level. It is noteworthy that the coral limestones of the Units 2 and 4 were accumulated during glacial stages. The generalized sequence of the limestones is deduced from a transition probability on Miyako-jima. It begins with the Cycloclypeus-Operculina limestone and is followed by rhodolith limestone and ends with coral limestone. These facies indicate a shallowing upward succession.
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