Angle sensors based on the laser autocollimation are often employed to evaluate surface profiles of a target of interest. The authors have developed a femtosecond laser angle sensor, in which a spectrometer or an optical spectrum analyzer with a single-mode fiber is employed as the photodetector for simultaneous capturing of the multiple optical modes. In this paper, the concept of the femtosecond laser angle sensor is applied to evaluate the surface profile of a target of interest. An optical setup is designed in such a way that each mode in the spectrum of the mode-locked femtosecond is utilized as the laser beam to measure the local slope of a measurement target at each different point to evaluate the surface profile. Some basic experiments are carried out by using the developed optical setup with a mode-locked femtosecond laser source to evaluate basic performances of the developed optical setup as an optical angle sensor.