Development of an electron-tracking Compton camera based on a gaseous TPC and a scintillation camera for a balloon-borne experiment

Kazuki Ueno, Toru Tanimori, Hidetoshi Kubo, Kentaro Miuchi, Shigeto Kabuki, Atsushi Takada, Hironobu Nishimura, Kaori Hattori, Shunsuke Kurosawa, Chihiro Ida, Satoru Iwaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed an Electron-Tracking Compton Camera (ETCC) based on a gaseous micro Time Projection Chamber (ETCC) based on a gaseous micro Time Projection Chamber (μ-TPC) which measures the direction and the energy of the recoil electron and a GSO(Ce) scintillation camera which surrounds the μ-TPC and measures the Compton scattered gamma ray. If not measuring a direction of a recoil electron, a direction of the incident gamma-ray could only be reconstructed as a circle. Measuring the direction of the recoil electron reduces the Compton cone to a point, and thus reconstructs the incident direction completely for a single photon and realizes the strong background rejection. Using the ETCC with a detection volume of about 10cm× 10cm×15cm, we had the balloon-borne experiment supported by ISAS/JAXA in 2006 for the purpose of the observation of diffuse cosmic and atmospheric gamma rays. The ETCC obtained about 200 photons with FOV of 3 str in 3 hours in the energy range from 100 keV to 1 MeV, and the obtained flux was consistent with previous observations. On the basis of the results, we are developing the large size ETCC in order to improve the effective area for the next balloon experiment. The large size ETCC has the detection volume of 23cm ×28cm×30cm which consists of the 23cm×28cm×30cm μ-TPC and the 30cm×30cm×1.3cm scintillation camera. Then we obtained the gamma-ray image and investigated the first performances of the large size ETCC. The Angular Resolution Measure (ARM) and the Scatter Plane Deviation (SPD) are 12.1 degree and 117 degree (FWHM) at 662keV, respectively, and the energy resolution is 16.9%(FWHM) at 662keV.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Marseille, France
Duration: 2008 Jun 232008 Jun 28

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7011
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
CountryFrance
CityMarseille
Period08/6/2308/6/28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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