Development of a simplified separation process of trivalent minor actinides from fission products using novel R-BTP/SiO 2-P adsorbents

Shigekazu Usuda, Yuezhou Wei, Yuanlai Xu, Zheng Li, Ruiqin Liu, Seongyun Kim, Yoshito Wakui, Hiromichi Hayashi, Hiromichi Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From a viewpoint of direct separation of trivalent minor actinides (MA: Am, Cm etc.) from fission products (FP) including rare earths (RE) in high level radioactive liquid waste, the authors have developed a simplified separation process using a single column packed with novel extraction adsorbents. Attention was paid to a new type of nitrogen-donor ligand, R-BTP (2,6-bis(5,6-dialkyl-1, 2,4-triazin-3- yl)pyridine, R: alkyl group) as an extractant because it has higher extraction selectivity for Am(III) than RE(III). Since the R-BTP ligands show different properties such as adsorbability and stability when they have different alkyl groups, several R-BTP extraction adsorbents were prepared by impregnating the RBTP ligands with different alkyl groups (isohexyl-, isoheptyl- and cyheptyl-BTP) into a porous silica/ polymer composite support (SiO 2-P particles). This work investigated: (1) fundamental properties of the synthesized R-BTP/SiO 2-P adsorbents, (2) adsorption and desorption properties of Am and FP in nitric acid solution and water using the adsorbents in a batch experiment, (3) radiolytic and chemical stabilities of the adsorbents, and (4) the possibility for developing a simplified separation process of MA using the most promising adsorbent (isohexyl-BTP/SiO 2-P) under temperature control between 25 and 508C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-342
Number of pages9
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption and desorption
  • Extraction chromatography
  • Fission products (FP)
  • R-BTP/SiO -P adsorbents
  • Radiolytic and chemical stabilities
  • Rare earths (RE)
  • Simplified separation process
  • Single column
  • Temperature control
  • Trivalent minor actinides (MA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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