Development of a phoswich detector for a continuous blood sampling system

S. Yamamoto, K. Tarutani, M. Suga, K. Minato, H. Watabe, H. Iida

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

We have developed a phoswich detector composed of a plastic scintillator and a BGO for a continuous blood sampling system. The beta particle (positron) from the tube is detected by the plastic scintillator and emits 511keV gamma photons. The BGO scintillator that is optically coupled to the plastic scintillator detects one of the gamma photons. Since the decay time of the plastic scintillator and the BGO are very different, it is possible to discriminate true (beta + gamma) events from background gamma events. First, the pulse height and pulse shape of plastic scintillator for beta particles and BGO for 511keV gamma photons were measured and compared to estimate the possibility of the proposed method. Then proposed phoswich detector was fabricated and tested. Absolute sensitivity for Ga-68 (maximum energy of 1.90MeV) and F-18 (maximum energy of 633keV) positrons were measured and compared with conventional beta detector in similar size. The absolute sensitivity of the developed detector was 0.15counts/Bq for Ga-68 positrons at the center of the detector that was approximately 5 times higher sensitivity than the conventional beta detector. The absolute sensitivity of the developed detector for F-18 positrons was 0.017counts/Bq while that of the conventional beta detector was zero. The count rate of the developed detector was linear up to 10kcps. The background count rate was small. These results indicate that the developed detector is useful not only for higher energy positrons such as O-15 but also lower energy positrons such as F-18 or C-11.

Original languageEnglish
Pages14/28-14/31
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record - Lyon, France
Duration: 2000 Oct 152000 Oct 20

Other

Other2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
CountryFrance
CityLyon
Period00/10/1500/10/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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