Development of a new k-ε model for flow and pressure fields around bluff body

M. Tsuchiya, S. Murakami, A. Mochida, K. Kondo, Y. Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

157 Citations (Scopus)


It is well known that applications of the standard k-ε model to flowfields around bluff-shaped bodies, often yield serious errors such as overestimation of turbulence kinetic energy k in the impinging region. Murakami, Mochida and Kondo have proposed a new k-ε model which resolves these problems by modifying the expression for eddy viscosity approximation. This paper examines the applicability of this new k-ε model (MMK model) to flowfields around three types of bluff bodies, i.e. a 2D square rib, a cube and a low-rise building model with 1:1:0.5 shape. The first half of the paper investigates the accuracy of the MMK model in reproducing turbulence characteristics around a bluff body. Results of the MMK model are compared precisely with those of the standard k-ε model, a revised k-ε model proposed by Launder and Kato (LK model) and wind tunnel tests for flow fields around a 2D square rib and a cube. The MMK model is also applied to predicting surface pressures on a low-rise building model with 1:1:0.5 shape with various wind angles including an oblique one. The accuracy and applicability of the MMK model to wind engineering problems are then discussed by comparing its results with those of the standard k-ε model and of the wind tunnel tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-182
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Flow separation
  • LK model
  • MMK model
  • Mean pressure coefficient
  • Oblique wind angle
  • Standard k-ε model
  • Turbulence kinematic energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Mechanical Engineering


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