Development and evaluations of apatite crystal scintillators

Takayuki Yanagida, Yutaka Fujimoto, Yoshihumi Ohgi, Yuui Yokota, Akira Yoshikawa, Hiroyuki Kagi, Kazumasa Sugiyama, Kei Kamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five apatite crystal scintillators, which have chemical compositions of Ce 0.5%: Gd9.33(SiO4)6O2, Ce 0.5%:(Gd8Sr2)(SiO4)6O2, Ce 5%:(Gd8Sr2)(SiO4)6O2, Yb 0.5%:(Gd8Sr2)(SiO4)6O2 and Yb 3%:(Gd8Sr2)(SiO4)6O 2 were grown by the micro-pulling down method. After cut and polishing processes, optical and radiation properties were evaluated. In a transmittance measurement, Ce doped crystals showed an absorption feature at approximately 300 nm and Yb doped ones 220 nm, respectively. When Ce-doped ones were excited by 340 nm photons, the emission peak appeared at approximately 400 and 440 nm, due to Ce3+ 5d-4f transitions. In Yb-doped series, 270 nm excitation caused emission peaking around 300 nm. The photoluminescence decay time kinetics of Ce-doped series were investigated. The Ce 0.5% doped (Gd 8Sr2)(SiO4)6O2 showed about 23 ns decay constants, and the 5% doped one showed 14 ns. When coupled with Si-APD and irradiated by 241Am α-ray, Ce doped scintillators showed 300-500 photons/5.5 MeV α as a light yield.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5485085
Pages (from-to)1308-1311
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Volume57
Issue number3 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Cerium
  • Radiation detectors
  • Scintillation detectors
  • Ytterbium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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