The true congruent composition for LiTaO3 single crystals was determined by measurinrg the velocities of leaky surface acoustic waves (LSAWs) with the line-focus-beam ultrasonic material characterization (LFB-UMC) system for two 42°TX-LiTaO3 crystal ingots. The congruent composition determined here was 48.460 Li2O-mol%, corresponding to the LSAW velocity (42° YX-LiTaO3) of 3125.3 m/s, and the absolute relationship between the LSAW velocity and chemical composition was obtained. Simulations on the variation of the melt and crystal compositions in a mass production of 100 crystals were conducted as a function of the composition of the starting material around the congruent composition. The result showed that the distributions of the melt and crystal compositions within and among the crystals varied largely with the material composition, providing the relationship of the material composition with the maximum composition variation for the 100 crystals. Based on these results, we verified the relationships between the tolerance of the material composition variation and the tolerances for the SH-type SAW velocity, LSAW velocity, and Curie temperature. The material composition needs to be constrained to within ±0.007 Li20-mol% around the congruent composition to mass-produce the crystals with reliable homogeneity, satisfying the tolerance of ±0.01% in the SAW velocity. Furthermore, a guideline for the specification of reliable piezoelectric SAW-device wafer substrates was presented with the accurate interrelationships among the chemical composition ratio, LSAW velocity, and Curie temperature.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Feb|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering