Determination of the distribution of ferric chloro complexes in hydrochloric acid solutions at 298K

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Abstract

Understanding the intrinsic nature of materials requires ultrahigh-purity materials because impurities affect various properties. Ion-exchange separation is one of the most promising purification technologies; however, the thermodynamic details of the ion-exchange reaction have not been made clear. The condition of metal species in the solution phase is fundamental to investigating the ion-exchange reaction. In this paper, the distribution of ferric chloro complexes in hydrochloric acid solutions was investigated by factor analysis of UV-Vis absorption spectra, followed by fitting analysis of a theoretical model to individual molar attenuation coefficients obtained by mathematical decomposition of UV-Vis absorption spectra. Five ferric species were detected by principal component analysis using a novel index proposed in this paper. In the results of factor analysis followed by fitting analysis, [FeIII]3+, [FeIIICl]2+, [FeIIICl2]+, [FeIIICl3]0, and [FeIIICl4]1 were identified. The activity coefficients of charged species in concentrated aqueous solutions were estimated by using a modified Debye-Hückel equation. The thermodynamic parameters of the four cumulative formation constants and a Setchénow coefficient for neutral species of [FeIIICl3]0 were determined. The adsorbability of ferric, cupric, and cobalt species to an anion exchanger from hydrochloric acid solutions was qualitatively discussed using the results obtained in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1928-1934
Number of pages7
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan
Volume92
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Factor analysis
  • Ferric chloro complexes
  • UV-Vis absorption spectrum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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