Determination of Ga, Ge, Mo, Ag, Cd, In, Sn, Sb, W, Tl and Bi in USGS Whole-Rock Reference Materials by Standard Addition ICP-MS

Richard M. Gaschnig, Roberta L. Rudnick, William F. Mcdonough

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A procedure for determining a wide range of chalcophile and siderophile elements in typical crustal rocks using standard addition and ICP-SFMS (inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry) is presented. New results for Ga, Ge, Mo, Ag, Cd, In, Sn, Sb, W, Tl and Bi abundances in USGS whole-rock reference materials AGV-2, BHVO-1, BIR-1, G-2, GSP-1 and W-2 are reported using this analytical procedure. Intermediate precision of means based on multiple dissolved aliquots of each USGS reference material was 10% RSD or better for Ga, Ge, In and Sn in all, and similarly good for Ag, Cd, Sb, Tl and Bi in most reference materials. Poorer intermediate precision of Mo and W measurements in several reference materials is probably due to higher analytical blanks on these elements and powder heterogeneity due to a sulfide-related nugget effect in the specific case of Mo in GSP-1. Results for all elements fell within the range of available published data with the exception of Ag, which yielded systematically higher concentrations than found in the literature for five of the six reference materials, likely reflecting interference from unresolved polyatomic species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-379
Number of pages9
JournalGeostandards and Geoanalytical Research
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chalcophile elements
  • Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry
  • Recommended value
  • Reference material data
  • Siderophile elements
  • Standard additions
  • Trace elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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