Detection of Serum Antibodies in Eimeria tenella-Infected Chickens by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) with Merozoite and Oocyst Antigens

Hasbullah Takashi Nakamura, Harumoto Kawaguchi, Yutaka Nakai, Keiji Ogimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soluble antigens prepared from sporulated oocysts and second generation merozoites of E. tenella were used for enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to investigate antibody in sera of two breeds of chickens, i.e. commercial broilers and SPF single comb white leghorn layers, which were experimentally infected with E. tenella. In broilers inoculated with oocysts at 15 days of age, ELISA values increased rapidly after day 19 post inoculation (PI) and reached the maximum lebel on days 29 and 32 PI against both merozoite and oocyst antigens. The values against merozoite antigen were significantly higher than those against oocyst antigen. In SPF layers infected at 15 days of age, the values increased gradually after 7 days PI. There were no significant differences between values against two antigens. Generally, the values in broilers tended to be higher than those in SPF layers, especially against merozoite antigen. In broilers inoculated with oocysts at 1 and 15 days of age, ELISA values increased rapidly and reached the maximum level on days 11 and 20 post second inoculation (PSI) against merozoite and oocyst antigens respectively and then the values against merozoite antigen decreased. The values against merozoite antigen were markedly higher than those against oocyst antigen. In SPF layers inoculated twice, the values reached the highest on day 11 PSI as in the case of broiler; however, after that day, the values against both antigens decreased. The sera reacted similarly against both antigens. The values against merozoite antigen were significantly higher in broilers than in SPF layers. The values of maternal antibodies were comparatively high in broiler chicks and decreased gradually with the age of bird to the negligible level at 10 days of age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1

Keywords

  • ELISA
  • Eimeria tenella
  • coccidia
  • oocyst
  • second generation merozoite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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