Detection of interstitial clusters in neutron irradiated Ni-Hf alloy by perturbed angular correlation and positron annihilation lifetime measurements

H. Okazawa, T. Yoshiie, T. Ishizai, K. Sato, Q. Xu, Y. Satoh, Y. Ohkubo, Y. Kawase

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to understand the effect of alloying elements on the damage structure evolution in metals, defect clusters near Hf in Ni were studied using the perturbed angular correlation (PAC) technique and positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS). The volume size factor of Hf in Ni was determined to be 61% by measuring the lattice parameter. The positron annihilation mean lifetime of Ni-0.5 at.%Hf after neutron irradiation at 473 K up to a dose of 0.0053 dpa was 132 ps. The lifetime decreased with increasing annealing temperature and by annealing at 723 K the recovery was finished. The PAC spectrum of 181Ta (←181Hf) taken after the irradiation indicated that there were two components. The first component consisted of a Larmor frequency of 534 mega-radian/s (Mrad/s). The second consisted of a very broad range of frequencies which brought destructive interference among them and made the contribution to the spectrum almost zero. The component disappeared with annealing at 873 K. It was concluded that the first component and the second component represent Hf in the regular substitutional site and Hf with defect clusters, respectively. From the difference of annealing out temperature of defect clusters, clusters annihilated by 723 K were assigned as stacking fault tetrahedra (SFTs) and those by 873 K as interstitial clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-970
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume329-333
Issue number1-3 PART B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Aug 1
EventProceedings of the 11th Conference on Fusion Research - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 2003 Dec 72003 Dec 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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