Detection of acetaldehyde in the esophageal tissue among healthy male subjects after ethanol drinking and subsequent L-Cysteine intake

Hideki Okata, Waku Hatta, Katsunori Iijima, Kiyotaka Asanuma, Atsuki Tsuruya, Naoki Asano, Tomoyuki Koike, Shin Hamada, Toru Nakayama, Atsushi Masamune, Tooru Shimosegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethanol is oxidized by alcohol dehydrogenase to acetaldehyde, a recognized carcinogen for the esophagus. However, no previous study has measured the acetaldehyde levels in the esophageal tissue. L-cysteine has been shown to reduce the acetaldehyde levels in the saliva; however, it is unknown whether L-cysteine intake affects the acetaldehyde concentration in the esophageal tissue. The aim of this study was to measure the acetaldehyde concentration in the esophageal tissue after ethanol drinking and evaluate the effect of L-cysteine intake on the acetaldehyde levels in the esophagus. We enrolled 10 male subjects with active acetaldehyde dehydrogenase-2*1/*1 (ALDH2*1/*1) genotype and 10 male subjects with the inactive acetaldehyde dehydrogenase-2*1/*2 (ALDH2*1/*2) genotype, the mean ages of whom were 25.6 and 27.9 years, respectively. In this prospective, single-blind, placebo-controlled study using L-cysteine and placebo lozenges (first and second examination), saliva and blood were collected before and after ethanol drinking. Esophageal tissue was obtained by endoscopic biopsy at 60 minutes after drinking, and the acetaldehyde and ethanol concentrations were measured. The acetaldehyde concentration of the saliva was significantly lower in those taking L-cysteine than in those taking the placebo. Acetaldehyde in the esophageal tissue was detected only in those taking L-cysteine lozenges. There were no correlations between the acetaldehyde concentrations in the esophageal tissue and saliva or blood. In conclusion, we detected acetaldehyde in the human esophageal tissue after ethanol drinking. Unexpectedly, intake of L-cysteine lozenges appears to contribute to detection of acetaldehyde in the esophageal tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-325
Number of pages9
JournalTohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Volume244
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr

Keywords

  • Acetaldehyde
  • Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
  • Esophageal tissue
  • L-cysteine
  • Placebo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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