Detection and Protection against Quench/Local Thermal Runaway for a 30 T Cryogen-Free Magnet

Arnaud Joel Badel, Tatsunori Okada, Kohki Takahashi, Shinji Fujita, Hiroshi Miyazaki, Shigeru Ioka, Satoshi Awaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The upgrade to 30 T of the existing 25 T cryogen-free magnet (25 T CSM) at the High Field Laboratory for Superconducting Materials, Tohoku Univ., will consist in replacing the existing High Temperature Superconductor insert made of Bi-2223 by one wound using REBCO tape. The new insert is designed to produce 16 T instead of 11 T. In order to have good dynamics and allow sweeping mode experiment, the insert will be conventionally isolated, as it was the case for the previous Bi-2223 version. In previous work we modelled thermal runaway phenomenon and showed that a sensitive dissipative voltage detection technique can give sufficient warning to protect an HTS coil using external dump resistor even in the case of sharp local critical current drop. For the 30 T insert, the conductor will consist of a two tape bundle so as to reduce the chance of such sharp Ic drop due to tape performances inhomogeneities or local damage. We simulate the quench dynamics in the LTS outsert coupled with the HTS insert to demonstrate that the existing detection/protection system of the 25 T CSM can be re-used and determine the current dumping dynamics. We then use our thermal runaway modelling tool to study the behavior of the future 16 T REBCO insert in case of local sharp defect and determine realistic detection threshold for its safe protection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9354867
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug


  • High-temperature superconductors
  • Quench modelling
  • Superconducting magnets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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