Desorption behavior of various volatile organic compounds from activated carbon in supercritical carbon dioxide: Measurement and kinetic modeling

Ikuo Ushiki, Koichi Kikuchi, Naoto Takahashi, Yoshiyuki Sato, Yasuyuki Ito, Hiroshi Inomata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The desorption behavior of various volatile organic compounds (VOCs: toluene, acetone, n-hexane, n-octane, methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, and propylene glycol monomethyl ether) from activated carbon was measured in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) using the fixed-bed method at 313–353 K and 10.0–15.0 MPa. The measured behavior strongly depended on the type of VOC, and the CO2 density and volatility of the VOCs were the primary factors influencing this behavior. The desorption behavior was correlated with a kinetic model that assumed material balances in the bulk and pore phases with local adsorption equilibria in the adsorbed phase. The fitting parameters determined using these correlations were reasonably explained by the CO2 density and properties of VOCs, and they provided quantitative information about the desorption phenomena in scCO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-51
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Volume121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Desorption
  • Extraction
  • Kinetic model
  • Regeneration
  • Supercritical carbon dioxide
  • Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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