Designing nanogadgets by interconnecting carbon nanotubes with zinc layers

Mohammad Khazaei, Sang Uck Lee, Fabio Pichierri, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using first-principles calculations we propose a new approach for the design of functional units obtained by interconnecting carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with different numbers of zinc layers. The theoretical investigations on electron transport properties of the resulting 1D heterojunctions containing CNTs with same or different chiralities (i.e., or semiconducting) and one, two, or three zinc layers illustrate that the junctions with two semiconducting CNTs show semiconducting I-V characteristics while the junctions with two different CNT electrodes (metallic and semiconducting) show rectifying diode properties. The remarkable features emerging from this study is that the zinc layers behave as a momentum filter (near the Fermi energy the Bloch states having the same orbital character as the molecular states conduct well) when they are inserted within metallic CNT electrodes thereby providing 1D heterejunctions that can act as a wire-like, negative differential resistance (NDR), or varistor-type nanoscale device. Our results prove the idea that it is possible to design specific heterojunctions, which can select a conducting channel between two electrodes. Also, it is worth mentioning that in this study for the first time we have designed a nanoscale device with the characteristics of a varistor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)939-943
Number of pages5
JournalACS Nano
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 1

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Electron transport
  • Negative-differential resistance
  • Rectifying diode
  • Varistor
  • Wire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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