Designing “Metamolecules” for Photonic Function: Reduced Backscattering

Tian Song Deng, John Parker, Yutaro Hirai, Nolan Shepherd, Hiroshi Yabu, Norbert F. Scherer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Metamaterials, subwavelength nanostructured materials, can exhibit novel optical properties such as a negative index of refraction. Dielectric core–nanoparticle satellite clusters, termed “metamolecules,” can have strong optical magnetic resonances in the visible wavelength range—a requirement to achieve negative refractive index materials. However, achieving the desired photonic properties is challenging due to limited control in forming the metamolecule structures. Here, polystyrene (PS) core–gold nanoparticle (AuNP) satellite metamolecules with highly ordered single layers (monolayers) of AuNPs are fabricated and single particle spectroscopy, electron tomography structural measurements, and electrodynamics simulations are conducted to study the photonic properties of metamolecules constituted of ≈100 AuNPs. The simulated and experimental spectra of the many metamolecules studied, including excitation with azimuthally and radially polarized light, are in excellent agreement. It is shown that the scattering properties of the metamolecules are dominated by the AuNPs near the “equator” of the cluster, and that backscattering is strongly suppressed when different multipolar modes (e.g., dipolar and quadrupolar) of electric or optical magnetic character have comparable intensity due to the π-phase shift of their scattering. Both the optical excitation fields and the ordering of the nanoparticles within metamolecules affect their optical excitation and scattering properties, providing new insights into designing novel photonic metamaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000169
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Volume257
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Keywords

  • cylindrical vector beams
  • electrodynamics simulations
  • electron tomography
  • metamolecules
  • particle localization
  • plasmonic clusters
  • single particle spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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