Designing Concept of NPOs to Empower the Citizens for Policy Evaluation

Yoshinobu Kumata, Jisheng Liu, Shinobu Kitani

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Many local governments have developed new policy evaluation systems from 1990s. The purpose of development is to build plan-do-see management circle, to promote the administrative efficiencies, to account to citizens, to improve official works. The paper analyzes the problems of local policy evaluation systems, discusses the image of citizens, designs NPOs to educate citizens for leaders in a local policy evaluation. The local policy evaluation system does not establish places and opportunities for citizens’ participation, and does not provide policy information and knowledge for citizens, the policy evaluating process is leaded and managed by local governments. To change leaders of local policy evaluation from governments to citizens needs three conditions. 1) To reform the society to Prometheus-community where the people with foresight and creative idea on policy evaluation will be approved. 2) To establish a decision-making method to help the full-free-fare public selections based on the informed consent. 3) To build a social mechanism with the Lamarck's acquired character process for that new theories and tools are always practiced into the local policy evaluation. The creation of NPOs to educate citizens for leaders in the local policy evaluation needs three stages. 1) Citizens who are from different organizations but have the same concern on the policy evaluation form a citizens group. 2) Many citizens groups from various fields are involved in partnership and compose NPOs to play a role in the local policy evaluation. 3) Creative and strategic partnership actions of NPOs and citizens groups form a citizens policy evaluation school, it can take the initiative in citizens’ evaluating the local policy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)123-142
    Number of pages20
    JournalStudies in Regional Science
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Environmental Science(all)
    • Social Sciences(all)


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