Design of quaternary Ir-Nb-Ni-Al refractory superalloys

X. H. Yu, Yoko Mitarai, Y. Ro, H. Harada

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47 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a method for developing new quaternary Ir-Nb-Ni-Al refractory superalloys for ultra-high-temperature uses, by mixing two types of binary alloys, Ir-20 at. pct Nb and Ni-16.8 at. pct Al, which contain fcc/Ll2 two-phase coherent structures. For alloys of various Ir-Nb/Ni-Al compositions, we analyzed the microstructure and measured the compressive strengths. Phase analysis indicated that three-phase equilibria - fcc, Ir3Nb-Ll2, and Ni3Al-Ll2 - existed in Ir-5Nb-62.4Ni-12.6Al (at. pct) (alloy A), Ir-10Nb-41.6Ni-8.4Al (at. pct) (alloy B), and Ir-15Nb-20.8Ni-4.2Al (at. pct) (alloy C) at 1400 °C; at 1300 °C, three phase equilibria - fcc, Ir3Nb, and Ni3Al - existed in alloys A and C and four-phase equilibria - fcc, Ir3Nb, Ni3Al, and IrAl-B2 - existed in alloy B. The fcc/Ll2 coherent structure was examined by using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). At a temperature of 1200 °C, the compressive strength of these quaternary alloys was between 130 and 350 MPa, which was higher than that of commercial Ni-based superalloys, such as MarM247 (50 MPa), and lower than that of Ir-based binary alloys (500 MPa). Compared to Ir-based alloys, the compressive strain of these quaternary alloys was greatly improved. The potential of the quaternary alloys for ultra-high-temperature use is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-178
Number of pages6
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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