We describe a new method to synthesize a catalyst comprising of Pd nanoparticles encapsulated in a graphene oxide framework (Pd@GOF). GO was first intercalated with benzene-1,4-diboronic acid to afford a three-dimensional (3D) framework with uniform interlayer spaces, in which Pd nanoparticles were generated through salt reduction. Thus formed Pd nanoparticles were highly dispersed and stabilized inside a graphitic gallery space with a narrow particle size distribution. Thus obtained Pd@GOF catalyst exhibited an outperforming activity toward the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction in both polar and apolar solvents. Moreover, it can be reused for at least five cycles without any significant loss of the activity, while commercial Pd/C and Pd/GO exhibited a clear drop in the activity. These findings would establish the GOF as a promising scaffold to host noble metal nanoparticles and to construct desired metal@GOF nanocatalysts with improved activity and durability, which must be attractive for a broad range of practical applications.
- Graphene oxide framework
- Palladium nanocatalysts
- Pore encapsulation
- Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology