Design of D0 22 superlattice with superior strengthening effect in high entropy alloys

Feng He, Da Chen, Bin Han, Qingfeng Wu, Zhijun Wang, Shaolou Wei, Daixiu Wei, Jincheng Wang, C. T. Liu, Ji jung Kai

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    105 Citations (Scopus)


    Precipitation strengthening is one of the most promising mechanisms to develop high-performance high entropy alloys (HEAs). However, the design of a reinforcing phase with an excellent strengthening effect is still one of the most pivotal challenges. In the present study, a design strategy based on overall valence electron concentration (OVEC) is developed, and a coherent D0 22 superlattice (noted as γ″ phase) with superior strengthening effect is designed. The newly developed γ″ phase is systematically characterized using transmission electron microscope and atom probe tomography. Differentiating from the traditional Ni 3 Nb γ″ phase, the present high-entropy γ″ phase contains ∼7.7% Co and follows the (Ni,Co,Cr,Fe) 3 (Nb,Fe) stoichiometry. Three γ″ phase variants are observed with crystallographic orientation relationships of [001] γ″ //<001> γ and (001) γ″ //{100} γ . The lenticular γ″ particles with small volume fraction (7%) causes a significant yield strength increase (670 MPa) and ductility retention (40%), resulting in excellent yield strength-ductility combination. The excellent strengthening effect of the γ″ phase is attributed to both ordering strengthening and coherency strengthening. The present study proposes a new design strategy of precipitates and develops a superior reinforcing phase for HEAs. These findings will not only promote the development of precipitation-hardened HEAs but deepen the fundamentals of precipitates design for other complex concentrated alloys as well.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)275-286
    Number of pages12
    JournalActa Materialia
    Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1


    • Alloy design
    • D0 superlattice
    • High entropy alloys
    • Precipitation strengthening

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Polymers and Plastics
    • Metals and Alloys


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