Design of biomass co-firing system considering resource distribution and transportation optimization

Hitoshi Yamamoto, Toshihiko Nakata, Kuniaki Yabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass resources have huge potential to secure energy supply in next decades with carbon neutral emissions. However, the resources itself are widely scattered diffusely throughout the country, and the capacity of utilization plant highly depends on the quantity of primary resources available. The study focuses on the equilibrium between resource supply and energy demand in Tohoku area in Japan, considering geographical distribution and transportation paths. Woody biomass and agricultural residues are introduced in the study as a co-firing fuel supplied to three coal power stations in Tohoku area. The biomass energy system is modeled and analyzed using both geographic information solver and the roadway condition data. In particular, resource supply such as biomass resource collection, preprocessing before transportation, storage, long distance transportation, and energy conversion to electricity, is modeled and introduced to the system. As a result of the model analysis, a supply curve of biomass resources is obtained, which shows a relationship between procurement cost for power supply and annual electricity production at coal power stations. The supply curve shows that an electricity of 4.3 × 108 kWh/yr can be supplied with the procurement cost of 10 JPY/kWh, and the maximum electricity reaches 12.7 × 108 kWh/yr with the procurement cost of 14 JPY/kWh.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-52
Number of pages11
JournalNihon Enerugi Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan

Keywords

  • Agricultural residue
  • Co-firing
  • GIS
  • Transportation optimization
  • Woody biomass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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