Design of a pragmatic approach to evaluate the effectiveness of concurrent treatment for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures: Rationale, aims and organization of a Japanese Osteoporosis Intervention Trial (JOINT) initiated by the Research Group of Adequate Treatment of Osteoporosis (A-TOP)

Masataka Shiraki, Tatsuhiko Kuroda, Nobuaki Miyakawa, Naohito Fujinawa, Kazumasa Tanzawa, Akiko Ishizuka, Shiro Tanaka, Yukari Tanaka, Takayuki Hosoi, Eiji Itoi, Shigeto Morimoto, Akira Itabashi, Toshitsugu Sugimoto, Toshihiko Yamashita, Itsuo Gorai, Satoshi Mori, Hideaki Kishimoto, Hideki Mizunuma, Naoto Endo, Yoshiki NishizawaKunio Takaoka, Yasuo Ohashi, Hiroaki Ohta, Masao Fukunaga, Toshitaka Nakamura, Hajime Orimo

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of osteoporosis treatment is to prevent future fractures. Although concurrent treatment has been used very frequently for osteoporosis in clinical practice, there are no data on accurate and verified effectiveness of concurrent treatment for fracture prevention in patients with osteoporosis. To clarify the clinical usefulness of concurrent treatment, the Japan Osteoporosis Society has authorized the establishment of the A-TOP (Adequate Treatment of Osteoporosis) research group. The objective of this research is to establish a design for a clinical trial to prove whether concurrent treatment using both alfacalcidol (1-alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol) and alendronate is more effective as compared to treatment using alendronate alone in terms of fracture prevention. The present study was named JOINT (Japanese Osteoporosis Intervention Trial) and is based on a method using national, prospective, randomized, open-labeled, blinded endpoints focusing on postmenopausal osteoporosis with a high risk for fracture. The patients were mainly selected by practitioners and allocated randomly by a central registration system into two groups, of which one received 5 mg/day of alendronate alone, and the other received 1 μg/day of 1-alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol (alfacalcidol) in addition to the alendronate. The endpoints focused primarily on fracture prevention, and the patients' quality of life (QOL) and change in body height, as well as adherence and the adverse events of the treatments were evaluated secondarily. To obtain sufficient statistical power in the events during a 2-year observation period, the patients who are expected to have higher risk were selected to participate in this study, and it was decided that the final plan would involve 890 patients per group (two-sided alpha = 0.05, power = 0.8). Data collection began in November 2003. Correspondence regarding the registration of the investigator and the progress of the study was conducted through a web system from the Public Health Research Foundation to practitioners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan

Keywords

  • Alendronate
  • Alfacalcidol
  • Concurrent treatment
  • Fracture prevention
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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    Shiraki, M., Kuroda, T., Miyakawa, N., Fujinawa, N., Tanzawa, K., Ishizuka, A., Tanaka, S., Tanaka, Y., Hosoi, T., Itoi, E., Morimoto, S., Itabashi, A., Sugimoto, T., Yamashita, T., Gorai, I., Mori, S., Kishimoto, H., Mizunuma, H., Endo, N., ... Orimo, H. (2011). Design of a pragmatic approach to evaluate the effectiveness of concurrent treatment for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures: Rationale, aims and organization of a Japanese Osteoporosis Intervention Trial (JOINT) initiated by the Research Group of Adequate Treatment of Osteoporosis (A-TOP). Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 29(1), 37-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00774-010-0188-x