Design of 1-μm-pitch liquid crystal spatial light modulators having dielectric shield wall structure for holographic display with wide field of view

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the development of electronic holographic displays with a wide field of view, one issue is the realization of 1-μm-pitch spatial light modulators (SLMs) using liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) techniques. We clarified that it is necessary to suppress not only the leakage of fringe electric fields from adjacent pixels but also the effect of elastic forces in the liquid crystal to achieve full-phase modulation (2π) in individual pixels. We proposed a novel LCOS-SLM with a dielectric shield wall structure, and achieved driving of individual 1-μm-pitch pixels. We also investigated the optimum values for width and dielectric constant of the wall structure when enlarging the area that can modulate light in the pixels. These results contribute to the design of 1-μm-pitch LCOS-SLM devices for wide-viewing-angle holographic displays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalOptical Review
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Elastic force
  • Electronic holographic displays
  • Fringe electric field
  • Liquid crystal
  • Liquid crystal on silicon
  • Spatial light modulators
  • Three-dimensional displays
  • Wide field of view

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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