Design, Fabrication and Soundness Test of A Bi2223 Magnet Designed for Cooling by Liquid Hydrogen

Shinsaku Imagawa, Akifumi Iwamoto, Shinji Hamaguchi, Yasuyuki Shirai, Rikako Kawasaki, Hikaru Ohya, Fumiya Matsumoto, Masahiro Shiotsu, Makoto Tsuda, Yoh Nagasaki, Tsuyoshi Yagai, Hiroaki Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The critical heat flux in liquid hydrogen is ten times higher than that in liquid helium and is approximately half of that in liquid nitrogen. Since the resistivity of pure metal such as copper or silver at 20 K is less than one-hundredth of that at 300 K, HTS magnets immersed in liquid hydrogen are expected to satisfy the fully cyostable condition or to be stable against high resistive heat generation enough for quench detection at a practical current density. In order to examine cryostability of HTS magnets in liquid hydrogen, a pool-cooled Bi2223 magnet with a 5 T magnetic field at 20 K has been designed, fabricated and tested in liquid nitrogen prior to excitation tests in liquid hydrogen. The magnet consists of six outer double pancake coils with the inner diameter of 0.20 m and four inner double pancake coils with the outer diameter of 0.16 m. The resistive voltage to initiate thermal runaway in the coil assembly in liquid nitrogen was higher than 1 V that is sufficient high for quench detection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4604605
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept 1


  • Bi2223
  • liquid hydrogen
  • liquid nitrogen
  • pool-cooled
  • thermal runaway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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