Derivation of film chracteristic constants by using governing parameter for electromigration damage in passivated bamboo line

M. Hasegawa, K. Sasagawa, M. Saka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The governing parameter for electromigration damage in the passivated bamboo lines, called AFD*li, was recently formulated by considering the divergence of atomic flux due to electromigration. The formulation was based on the parameter AFDli previously introduced in our studies. The parameter AFDli has been identified as the governing parameter for electromigration damage in unpassivated bamboo lines through experimental verification process. On the other hand, metal lines used in integrated-circuit (IC) products are covered with passivation or dielectric layer. A mechanical stress (atomic density) distribution induced by electromigration appears in such lines and plays an important role in the electromigration mechanism. The parameter, AFD*li , was formulated by adding the effect of the atomic density gradient to AFD li. By the way, it is known that the displacement of line edge appears at the cathode end of via-connected line as a result of electromigration. So far, the velocity of the edge displacement, the so-called drift velocity, was expressed by using AFD*li to construct an AFD*li-based method for determination of film characteristics. In this study, the film characteristic constants in AFD*li are experimentally determined from the measurement of the drift velocity, where two kinds of metal lines with different line-lengths are treated. Some of the unknown film characteristics do not depend on the line-length and others depend on the length. The film characteristic constants included in AFD*li are obtained for two metal lines so that the drift velocity calculated by AFD*li agrees with measured one. Through the discussion on the validity of the obtained constants, it is shown that the AFD*li-based method can determine both the film characteristics independent of the line-length and another constant depending on the line-length appropriately.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication11th International Conference on Fracture 2005, ICF11
Pages3757-3762
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
Event11th International Conference on Fracture 2005, ICF11 - Turin, Italy
Duration: 2005 Mar 202005 Mar 25

Publication series

Name11th International Conference on Fracture 2005, ICF11
Volume5

Other

Other11th International Conference on Fracture 2005, ICF11
CountryItaly
CityTurin
Period05/3/2005/3/25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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