Objectives: Accurate μ maps are important for quantitative image reconstruction in SPECT. The Compton scatter energy window (CSW) technique has been proposed to define the outline of objects. In this technique, a lower energy window image is acquired in addition to the main photo-peak energy window. The image of the lower energy window is used to estimate the edge of the scanned object to produce a constant attenuation map. The aim of this study was to investigate the dependency of CSW on the spatial and energy distribution of radioisotope to predict the edges of objects. Methods: Two particular cases of brain study were considered, namely uniform distribution and non-uniform distribution using Monte Carlo simulation and experiments with uniform cylindrical phantom and hotspot phantom. The phantoms were filled with water and a radioactive solution of 99mTc. For each phantom, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% thresholds of the mean profile were applied to estimate Ewt, the energy window for minimum difference between the estimated and true edge of objects. Results: The Ewt's were 100-120 keV with a 40% threshold and 92-114 keV with a 30% threshold for uniform and hotspot phantoms, respectively. Conclusions: Edge of the objects with CSW technique varies with energy window and thresholds. Careful setting of the energy window is required to use the CSW technique.
- Attenuation map
- Compton scatter energy window
- Edge of object
- SPECT quantification
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging