Mechanochemically induced dechlorination of mono-chlorobiphenyl (BP-Cl) on the surfaces of metal oxides was compared with that on metal hydroxides, using the three metals of Mg, Al, and La as examples. The metal oxides, such as γ-alumina (γ-Al2O3), magnesium oxide (MgO) and lanthanum oxide (La2O3) showed an efficient ability to dechlorinate the BP-Cl; however, BP-Cl remained in the ground samples when the hydroxides were used. From the product analysis using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements, it was confirmed that the charge transfer from the O2- site on the surface of the oxide additives due to the intense grinding has plays a significant role in the decomposition of the chlorinated compound. Based on the observed dependence of the dechlorination on the radical occurrence, some practical methods were proposed to improve the destruction efficiency of the chlorinated organic compounds.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis