Dental precision casting of Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr using calcia mold

Harumi Tsutsumi, Mitsuo Niinomi, Toshikazu Akahori, Masaaki Nakai, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Shigeki Katsura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study is to develop a dental precision casting process for a beta-type titanium alloy, Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr (TNTZ) alloy which has been developed for biomedical applications, using a mold made by electrically fused calcia particles. The effect of a combination of different sizes of calcia particles on the surface condition of the mold was investigated. In addition, to obtain a smooth surface, a cast TNTZ was made using a mold made using a mixture of calcia particles with a wax pattern conducted with calcia slurry coatings. Furthermore, surface reaction layer of the cast TNTZ was evaluated using an optical microscopy, a Vickers' hardness test and a X-ray diffractometry. The surface of the mold fabricated with a mixture of fine (diameter < 0.3 mm) and coarse (diameter = 1-3 mm) calcia particles is smooth and showed no cracks or defects. In addition, the surfaces of the cast TNTZ made using the duplex-coated wax pattern with the fine pure calcia slurry and crushed silica fiber-reinforced fine calcia slurry are very fine. Furthermore, the formation of the surface reaction layer on the cast TNTZ is remarkably inhibited. The results of this study should lead to enhancements in the creation of cast TNTZ for dental products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2057-2063
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug


  • A-case
  • Calcia mold
  • Dental precision castings
  • Magnesiamold
  • Titanium-based alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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