Dental caries in 3-year-old children is associated more with child-rearing behaviors than mother-related health behaviors

Yumiko Kawashita, Hideki Fukuda, Koji Kawasaki, Masayasu Kitamura, Hideaki Hayashida, Reiko Furugen, Emiko Fukumoto, Youichi Iijima, Toshiyuki Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: We assessed whether child- or mother-related health behaviors were associated more strongly with dental caries in 3-year-old children. Methods: Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed on dental caries' presence as the dependent variable with independent variables from the results of examination and a self-administered questionnaire of 396 mother-child pairs. Result: Dental caries of 3-year-old children was more strongly associated with child-related health behavior than mother-related health behavior. Of the child-related variables, "a habit of feeding in bed" [OR (odds ratio) 10.14; 95 percent class interval (CI) 1.80-56.97], "eating between meals three times a day or more" (OR 3.33; 95 percent CI 1.56-7.10), "consuming a sports drink three times a week or more" (OR 4.47; 95 percent CI 1.60-12.49), "having both home and professional preventive dental care" (OR 3.02; 95 percent CI 1.44-6.32), and "having professional preventive dental care" (OR 3.79; 95 percent CI 1.75-8.21) were significantly associated with dental caries in children. Of the mother-related variables, "brushing teeth once a day or less" (OR 2.72; 95 percent CI 1.19-6.20) and "drinking alcohol three times a week or more" (OR 0.38; 95 percent CI 0.16-0.93) had significant effects. Conclusion: Dental caries of 3-year-old children was more strongly associated with child-related health behavior than mother-related health behavior. The results of this study suggest that encouraging good child-rearing behavior among mothers could result in better dental health among their children regardless of the mother's dental health status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-110
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Public Health Dentistry
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Behavior
  • Dental caries
  • Preschool children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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