Density of basaltic melt at high pressure and stability of the melt at the base of the lower mantle

Eiji Ohtani, Makoto Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

143 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We made density measurements of model MORB and picritic melts up to about 15 GPa using the floating diamond method. The compression behavior of the melts is fitted by the Vinet equation of state and extrapolated to higher pressure. A density crossover between the MORB melt and the mantle peridotite is suggested at the base of the lower mantle. Thus, the ultra-low velocity zone in the D″ layer may be explained by the existence of gravitationally stabilized basaltic melt formed by melting of the accumulated slab materials. This region might become unstable due to progressive melting of slab materials and/or supply of volatiles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-75
Number of pages7
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume193
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Basaltic composition
  • D layer
  • Density
  • Equations of state
  • Low-velocity zones
  • Melts
  • Mid-ocean ridge basalts
  • Picrite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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