A convenient strategy is developed to prepare template-assisted, high density, porous graphene monolith (THPGM) cathodes with high densities for compact Li-O2 batteries. Graphene oxide is used as the primary building block to construct condensed carbon electrodes by self-assembly followed by capillary drying. SiO2 nanoparticles are incorporated onto the dense graphene monolith to function as sacrificial pore former. The bimodal pores of diameters ranging 1–6 and ∼ 40 nm created in the close-grained graphene monolith facilitate ion transport and oxygen diffusion, while providing sufficient space to accommodate the discharge products. The oxygen cathodes made from THPGM possess the advantageous features of high volumetric densities, a fully-developed porous structure and a robust architecture, resulting in unprecedented volumetric energy densities and excellent cyclic stability for Li-O2 batteries.
- Graphene monolith
- Lithium-oxygen battery
- Volumetric energy density
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology