Denervation resulting in dento-alveolar ankylosis associated with decreased Malassez epithelium

K. Fujiyama, T. Yamashiro, T. Fukunaga, T. A. Balam, L. Zheng, T. Takano-Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inferior alveolar nerve denervation causes appreciable decreases in the distribution of epithelial rests of Malassez. To explore roles of the Malassez epithelium, we attempted to evaluate possible changes in dento-alveolar tissues surrounding this epithelium by experimental denervation. We found that denervation led to dento-alveolar ankylosis with a decrease in the width of the periodontal spaces. Interestingly, with regeneration of the Malassez epithelium 10 weeks after the denervation, the periodontal space width showed a correspondingly significant increase. These findings suggest that the Malassez epithelium may be involved in the maintenance of periodontal space and that sensory innervation might be indirectly associated with it. In addition, it is of interest that denervation activated root resorption of the coronal root surface and that the consequently resorbed lacunae were repaired by cellular cementum. It is suggested that Malassez epithelium may negatively regulate root resorption and induce acellular cementum formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-629
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of dental research
Volume83
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Aug

Keywords

  • Ankylosis
  • Cementogenesis
  • Epithelial cell rests of Malassez

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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