Dendritic cells modified to express fractalkine/CX3CL1 in the treatment of preexisting tumors

Mio Nukiwa, Sita Andarini, Jamal Zaini, Hong Xin, Masahiko Kanehira, Takuji Suzuki, Tatsuro Fukuhara, Hiroyuki Mizuguchi, Takao Hayakawa, Yasuo Saijo, Toshihiro Nukiwa, Toshiaki Kikuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Fractalkine (CX3CL1) is a unique membrane-bound CX3C chemokine that serves as a potent chemoattractant for lymphocytes. The hypothesis of this study is that dendritic cells (DC) genetically modified ex vivo to overexpress fractalkine would enhance the T cell-mediated cellular immune response with a consequent induction of anti-tumor immunity to suppress tumor growth. To prove this hypothesis, established tumors of different mouse cancer cells (B16-F10 melanoma, H-2b, and Colon-26 colon adenocarcinoma, H-2d) were treated with intratumoral injection of bone marrow-derived DC that had been modified in vitro with an RGD fiber-mutant adenovirus vector expressing mouse fractalkine (Ad-FKN). In both tumor models tested, treatment of tumor-bearing mice with Ad-FKN-transduced DC gave rise to a significant suppression of tumor growth along with survival advantages in the treated mice. Immunohistochemical analysis of tumors treated with direct injection of Ad-FKN-transduced DC demonstrated that the treatment prompted CD8+ T cells and CD4+ T cells to accumulate in the tumor milieu, leading to activation of immune-relevant processes. Consistent with the finding, the intratumoral administration of Ad-FKN-transduced DC evoked tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes, which ensued from in vivo priming of Th1 immune responses in the treated host. In addition, the anti-tumor effect provided by intratumoral injection of Ad-FKN-transduced DC was completely abrogated in CD4+ T cell-deficient mice as well as in CD8+ T cell-deficient mice. These results support the concept that genetic modification of DC with a recombinant fractalkine adenovirus vector may be a useful strategy for cancer immunotherapy protocols.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1019-1027
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemokines
  • Chemotaxis
  • Dendritic cells
  • Tumor immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


Dive into the research topics of 'Dendritic cells modified to express fractalkine/CX3CL1 in the treatment of preexisting tumors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this