Demonstration of inter- and intracellular distribution of boron and gadolinium using micro-proton-induced X-ray emission (Micro-PIXE)

K. Endo, T. Yamamoto, Y. Shibata, K. Tsuboi, A. Matsumura, H. Kumada, K. Yamamoto, T. Sakai, T. Sato, M. Oikawa, Y. Ohara, K. Ishii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Micro-proton-induced X-ray emission (Micro-PIXE) was applied to determine inter- and intracellular distribution of boron (10B) and gadolinium (157Gd), the capture atoms used to kill tumor cells in neutron capture therapy (NCT). Cultured 9L gliosarcoma cells on Mylar film were exposed to sodium borocaptate (BSH) and gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA). To analyze the inter- and intracellular distribution of 10B and 157Gd in 9L gliosarcoma cells, the cells were irradiated using a proton beam of 1.7 or 3 MeV energy collimated to 1 μm diameter and emission X-ray was detected. The distribution of 10B and 157Gd in 9L gliosarcoma cells was then examined. In this study, we could directly analyze the inter- and intracellular distribution of 10B and 157Gd elements in 9L gliosarcoma cells directly using Micro-PIXE. This is the first report on the distribution of 10B employing a method to detect γ-rays resulting from the nuclear reaction of 10B using particle-induced γ-ray emission (PIGE). These results show that the distribution of 157Gd elements was correctly measured using micro-PIXE. 157Gd should have the same tendency as 10B in cultured 9L gliosarcoma cells and agree with the distribution in 9L gliosarcoma cells. Further investigation is necessary for a higher spatial resolution and optimization of the measurement time or improvement of the sampling method. In the future, it will be possible to employ this method to analyze the intracellular microdistribution of the capture element and in the development of new drugs for NCT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-65
Number of pages9
JournalOncology Research
Volume16
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul 12

Keywords

  • Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT)
  • Boron-10 (B)
  • Gandolinium-157 (Gd)
  • Inter- and intracellular distribution
  • Micro-PIXE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Demonstration of inter- and intracellular distribution of boron and gadolinium using micro-proton-induced X-ray emission (Micro-PIXE)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this