Demonstration of Displacement Sensing of a mg-Scale Pendulum for mm- and mg-Scale Gravity Measurements

Nobuyuki Matsumoto, Seth B. Cataño-Lopez, Masakazu Sugawara, Seiya Suzuki, Naofumi Abe, Kentaro Komori, Yuta Michimura, Yoichi Aso, Keiichi Edamatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gravity generated by large masses has been observed using a variety of probes from atomic interferometers to torsional balances. However, gravitational coupling between small masses has never been observed so far. Here, we demonstrate sensitive displacement sensing of the Brownian motion of an optically trapped 7 mg pendulum motion whose natural quality factor is increased to 108 through dissipation dilution. The sensitivity for an integration time of one second corresponds to the displacement generated in a millimeter-scale gravitational experiment between the probe and a 100 mg source mass, whose position is modulated at the pendulum mechanical resonant frequency. Development of such a sensitive displacement sensor using a milligram-scale device will pave the way for a new class of experiments where gravitational coupling between small masses in quantum regimes can be achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number071101
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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