Genome editing has had profound effects on biological experimentation and can now be applied to many organisms, including non-conventional models. However, the introduction of genome editing components is time- and labor-consuming and sometimes requires special skills for microinjection. In this study, we developed a technique to deliver exogenous proteins into eggs by injection into the mother’s ovary (IMO), which leads to the delivery of CRISPR/Cas9 into the eggs of oviparous animals, including fish. To test this technique, we examined whether exogenous proteins tagged with GFP or luciferase (Luc), and fluorescent-labeled RNP (Cas9 and sgRNA complex), can be delivered into eggs by IMO. When GFP-Luc or Cas9-Luc was delivered by IMO, their incorporation into fertilized eggs was confirmed by GFP fluorescence or luciferase activity; proteins were accumulated in the yolk. Cas9-RNP (targeting tyrosinase) was also incorporated into the eggs. However, genome editing of the target gene, tyrosinase, was not observed yet. This is presumably because the RNP delivered by IMO was packed in the yolk granules and did not reach into the embryonic nuclei. Thus, this report shows that exogenous molecules including Cas9-RNP were successfully delivered into fertilized eggs by IMO. Transferring the delivered RNP into nuclei will be critical for successful genome editing via the IMO delivery system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aquatic Science