Degradation of overexpressed wild-type and mutant uricase proteins in cultured cells

Sadaki Yokota, Keiju Kamijo, Toshiaki Oda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wild-type and mutated urate oxidase (UO) proteins were overexpressed in Cos-1 and HEK293 cells and were analyzed by Western blotting and several morphological methods. By immunoelectron microscopy, wild-type UO formed large aggregates in the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm and exhibited a crystalloid structure. Mutated UO (UOdC), from which 28 amino acids, including peroxisomal targeting signal at the C-terminus, were deleted, formed dispersed aggregates in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Chimeric UO (MUOdC), which was made by addition of the mitochondrial targeting signal of serine:pyruvate/glyoxylate aminotransferase to the N-terminus of UOdC, attached to ER to form a complicated MUOdC-ER complex. These three structures were immunostained for ubiquitin- and p32-subunits of proteasomes. Western blotting showed strong signal for UO and UOdC but very weak signal for MUOdC. The results suggest that overexpressed UO and UOdC accumulate in the cells because their synthesis rate is higher than the degradation rate, whereas MUOdC forming a complex with ER is degraded very rapidly. The ubiquitin- proteasome pathway may be involved in the degradation of these proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1133-1139
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Volume47
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Sep

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Immunocytochemis try
  • Mutated uricase
  • Overexpression
  • Proteasome
  • Ubiquitination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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