Degradation of carbonyl sulfide by Actinomycetes and detection of clade D of β-class carbonic anhydrase

Takahiro Ogawa, Hiromi Kato, Mitsuru Higashide, Mami Nishimiya, Yoko Katayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbonyl sulfide (COS) is an atmospheric trace gas and one of the sources of stratospheric aerosol contributing to climate change. Although one of the major sinks of COS is soil, the distribution of COS degradation ability among bacteria remains unclear. Seventeen out of 20 named bacteria belonging to Actinomycetales had COS degradation activity at mole fractions of 30 parts per million by volume (ppmv) COS. Dietzia maris NBRC 15801T and Mycobacterium sp. THI405 had the activity comparable to a chemolithoautotroph Thiobacillus thioparus THI115 that degrade COS by COS hydrolase for energy production. Among 12 bacteria manifesting rapid degradation at 30 ppmv COS, D. maris NBRC 15801T and Streptomyces ambofaciens NBRC 12836T degraded ambient COS (~500 parts per trillion by volume). Geodermatophilus obscurus NBRC 13315T and Amycolatopsis orientalis NBRC 12806T increased COS concentrations. Moreover, six of eight COS-degrading bacteria isolated from soils had partial nucleotide sequences similar to that of the gene encoding clade D of β-class carbonic anhydrase, which included COS hydrolase. These results indicate the potential importance of Actinomycetes in the role of soils as sinks of atmospheric COS.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberfnw223
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume363
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Actinomycetes
  • Atmospheric trace gas
  • Carbonyl sulfide degradation
  • Carbonyl sulfide hydrolase
  • β-class carbonic anhydrase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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