Deep learning techniques for predicting nonlinear multi-component seismic responses of structural buildings

Ahmed A. Torky, Susumu Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents a new approach for nonlinear multi-component seismic response prediction of structures using hybrid deep learning techniques. Modern recurrent neural networks map the relationship between acceleration time-series of the base/ground of a building and the superstructure, as a form of nonlinear time-history analysis method. Seismic responses were measured in three components which enables multi-component seismic predictions with adequate deep learning architectures. While long short-term memory (LSTM) neural networks can obtain data from a single component per surrogate model, hybrid convolutional-LSTMs (ConvLSTM) neural networks are utilized for multi-component purposes. A guide for pre-processing data and structuring the architecture of deep neural networks are proposed. Also, two filtering methods are compared, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) Butterworth filter and discrete wavelet transform (DWT) decomposition. Decimation is implemented to reduce the features to useful values, as a dimension reduction approach. With enhancements to the architecture of the network, training time can be reduced significantly, and accuracy could be further improved. A challenging case study is addressed that covers an industrial level practical building. Results show that proposed hybrid models can even predict the capacity curves of a structure indirectly, providing new prospects for engineers to evaluate the seismic performance of a building.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106570
JournalComputers and Structures
Volume252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Keywords

  • Convolutional long short-term memory neural networks
  • Deep neural networks
  • Discrete wavelet transforms
  • Multi-component response
  • Nonlinear seismic response prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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