Deep Learning-Based Sum Data Rate and Energy Efficiency Optimization for MIMO-NOMA Systems

Hongji Huang, Yuchun Yang, Zhiguo Ding, Hong Wang, Hikmet Sari, Fumiyuki Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The increasing demands for massive connectivity, low latency, and high reliability of future communication networks require new techniques. Multiple-input-multiple-output non-orthogonal multiple access (MIMO-NOMA), which incorporates the NOMA concept into MIMO, is an appealing technology to enhance system throughput and energy efficiency. However, rapidly changing channel conditions and extremely complex spatial structure degrade the system performance and hinder its application. Thus, to tackle these limitations, in this paper, we propose a deep learning-based MIMO-NOMA framework for maximizing the sum data rate and energy efficiency. To be specific, we design an effective communication deep neural network (CDNN) in which several convolutional layers and multiple hidden layers are included. Thanks to the impressive representation ability of the deep learning technique, the CDNN framework addresses the power allocation problem for achieving higher data rate and energy efficiency of MIMO-NOMA with the aid of training algorithms. Additionally, simulation results corroborate that the proposed CDNN framework is a good candidate to enhance the performance of MIMO-NOMA in term of power allocation, and extensive simulations show that it realizes larger sum data rate and energy efficiency compared with conventional strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9093213
Pages (from-to)5373-5388
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug


  • deep learning
  • energy efficiency
  • power allocation
  • sum data rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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