The clinical outcome for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients is often poor because of the invasive nature of this tumor type. AT-rich interactive domain 1A (ARID1A) functions as a tumor suppressor, and its gene mutation has been reported in various human malignancies. ARID1A is a non-catalytic subunit of the SWItch/Sucrose Non Fermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin-remodeling complex that regulates gene transcription. Decreased expression of ARID1A protein has been reported to decrease the expression of E-cadherin, an adhesion protein. However, the correlation between ARID1A and E-cadherin expression status in ESCC remains largely unknown. To address this issue, we examined the expression of ARID1A and E-cadherin in tumor specimens excised from 83 ESCC patients using immunohistochemical analysis. The intensity of the ARID1A immunoreactivity was significantly lower in tumors with a growth pattern characterized by ill-defined borders than that in tumors with an expansive growth pattern having a well-demarcated border or tumors with an intermediate growth pattern. Thus, decreased ARID1A immunoreactivity correlated with infiltrative growth of ESCC. In contrast, E-cadherin status did not correlate with the infiltrative growth pattern of ESCC. Moreover, ARID1A expression status did not significantly correlate with any of other clinicopathological factors, E-cadherin expression levels, or the clinical outcome of the patients. On the other hand, the patients with tumors expressing low levels of E-cadherin exhibited significantly lower survival rates than those with high expression. In conclusion, reduced ARID1A expression in tumor tissues contributes to infiltrative growth of ESCC, irrespective of E-cadherin expression levels.
- AT-rich interactive domain 1A
- Epithelial-mesenchymal transition
- Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
- Infiltrative growth pattern
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)