Decreased biosynthesis of lung surfactant constituent phosphatidylcholine due to inhibition of choline transporter by gefitinib in lung alveolar cells

Naoki Ishiguro, Masanobu Oyabu, Toshihiro Sato, Tomoji Maeda, Hironobu Minami, Ikumi Tamai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. We investigated whether gefitinib, an anticancer agent, inhibits phosphatidylcholine (PC) biosynthesis and choline uptake by alveolar epithelial type II cells. Materials and Methods. Uptake of choline and PC biosynthesis were examined in vitro, using human alveolar epithelia-derived cell line A549 and rat alveolar type (AT) II cells as models. Results. Gefitinib reduced the incorporation of [3H]choline into PC in A549 and rat ATII cells. The uptake of [3H]choline by A549 and rat ATII cells was concentration-dependent, and the Km values were 15.0 and 10-100 μM, respectively. The uptake of [3H]choline by A549 and rat ATII cells was weakly Na+-dependent, and inhibited by hemicholinium-3. RT-PCR revealed expression of choline transporter-like protein (CTL)1 and organic cation transporter (OCT)3 mRNAs in both cells. The choline uptake by A549 and rat ATII cells was strongly inhibited by gefitinib with the IC50 value of 6.77 μM and 10.5 μM, respectively. Conclusions. Our results demonstrate that gefitinib reduces PC biosynthesis via inhibition of cellular choline uptake by A549 and rat ATII cells, which is mainly mediated by CTL1, resulting in abnormality of lung surfactant that can be one of mechanisms of the interstitial lung disease associated with gefitinib.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-427
Number of pages11
JournalPharmaceutical research
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alveolar type II
  • Choline
  • Gefitinib
  • Lung toxicity
  • Phosphatidylcholine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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