Decomposition of Japanese beech wood by diverse fungi isolated from a cool temperate deciduous forest

Yu Fukasawa, Takashi Osono, Hiroshi Takeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed 62 fungal strains in 31 species of wood decay fungi in the ability to decompose wood blocks of Japanese beech (Fagus crenata) under a pure culture condition. Fungi were collected in a cool temperate beech forest in Japan and isolated from the inside of beech logs and from sporocarps fruiting on logs and snags of beech that were different in diameter and decay class. Fungi in Holobasidiomycetidae showed marked decomposition of lignin and carbohydrate. These fungi were divided into three groups according to the pattern of lignin and carbohydrate utilization. Phanerochaete filamentosa decomposed lignin selectively. Lampteromyces japonicus, Steccherinum rhois, Trichaptum biforme, Stereum ostrea, Mycena haematopoda, Antrodiella albocinnamomea, Daedalea dickinsii, Daedaleopsis tricolor, Ganoderma tsunodae, and Trametes versicolor decomposed lignin and carbohydrates simultaneously. Psathyrella candolleana, Lenzites betulinus, and Trametes hirsuta decomposed carbohydrates selectively. Species in the Phragmobasidiomycetidae and in the Ascomycota caused low mass loss of wood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-101
Number of pages5
JournalMycoscience
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbohydrates
  • Fagus crenata
  • Lignin
  • Wood decay fungi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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