In a rat model of myocardial ischemic infarction, sodium orthovanadate rescued cells from ischemia/reperfusion injuries. Rats underwent 30 min of myocardial ischemia by occluding the left coronary artery followed by 24 h of reperfusion. Post-treatment with orthovanadate reduced infarct size in a dose-dependent manner. Orthovanadate treatment also ameliorated contractile dysfunction of the left ventricle 72 h after reperfusion. The cytoprotective action of orthovanadate treatment was closely associated with inhibition of fodrin breakdown. Since orthovanadate is a potent inhibitor for protein tyrosine phosphatases, thereby activating tyrosine kinases and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways, we investigated activities of protein kinase B (Akt), a downstream target of PI3K in cardiomyocytes. Orthovanadate-induced cytoprotection was associated with partial restoration of reduced Akt activity following myocardial infarction. Restoration of Akt activity by orthovanadate treatment correlated positively with increased phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase-3β and Bad in cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, orthovanadate treatment inhibited caspase-3 activation induced by ischemia. Taken together, orthovanadate post-treatment rescued cardiomyocytes from ischemia/reperfusion injuries via Akt activation and inhibition of fodrin breakdown, thereby inhibiting apoptosis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Dec 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine