Cytological studies on artificially induced gynogenesis in the Pacific abalone

Qi Li, Makoto Osada, Masaru Kashihara, Ken Hirohashi, Akihiro Kijima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To obtain useful information about the mechanism of the induction of gynogenesis in the Pacific abalone, nuclear behavior in normal and gynogenetic eggs was examined during meiosis and first cleavage. After its incorporation into the egg cytoplasm, the UV-irradiated sperm nucleus gradually dispersed and eventually developed into the male pronucleus, behaving like a normal sperm until contact with the female pronucleus. At mitotic prophase, the male pronucleus in the gynogenetic eggs did not form chromosomes like the female pronucleus, but became a dense chromatin body, which did not participate in karyokinesis. At completion of cytokinesis of the first cleavage, the UV-irradiated sperm nucleus was seen in the cytoplasm of one of the two blastomeres near the cleavage furrow. As a clear haploid mode was observed in the frequency distribution of chromosome numbers in gynogenetic larval cells, it is suggested that the paternal genome in the gynogenetic eggs does not contribute to the next generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-707
Number of pages7
JournalFisheries Science
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Cytology
  • Gynogenesis
  • Haliotis discus hannai
  • Pacific abalone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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